Yuri Shur

Yuri Shur

Education

  • Ph.D., Civil Engineering (Soil Mechanics with application to Arctic Engineering)
  • D. Sc., Geology (Engineering Geology and Permafrost Study)
  • M.S., Civil Engineering

Professional Experience

  • 2001- present , Associate Professor, University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • 2000 - Permafrost Science Co., Owner and Principal.
  • 2000 - 2001 Harding Lawson Associates, Anchorage, Alaska; Associate Engineer
  • 1998 - 2000 Golder Associates Inc., Anchorage, Alaska; Senior Geotechnical Engineer
  • 1997 - 1998 Harding Lawson Associates, Anchorage, Alaska; Associate Engineer
  • 1995 - 1997 Raytheon Service Company, Anchorage, Alaska; Staff Senior Civil Engineer
  • 1992 - 1995 University of Alaska-Fairbanks; Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Part time Visiting Research Assistant Professor
  • 1992-1995 Byrd Polar Research Center, Ohio State University; Consultant on Permafrost
  • 1970-1991 National Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Moscow, Senior Scientist, Head of Department of Permafrost Geotechnics
  • 1964-1970 National Institute of Foundations and Underground Structures, Moscow, Engineer, Senior Engineer

Professional Affiliations

  • Member of Engineering and Subsea Permafrost Working Groups of the International Permafrost Association.

Current Research

  • Foundation alternatives for permafrost affected by Global Warming;
  • Conceptual aspects of thermal modeling;
  • Shallow frost protected foundations in seasonally frozen ground in Alaska;
  • Bearing capacity of frozen ground at temperature close to 32 F;
  • Frost actions on roads and a nature of thaw weakening;
  • Frost heave of cold gas pipelines in unfrozen soil;
  • Properties of ice-reach Pleistocene silt typical in Alaska for Interior, Seward Pn, and some areas in
  • Foot Hills and its behavior beneath structures and under Global Warming impact.
  • Permafrost related geological hazards - thermokarst, slope processes, shore erosion

Research

  • Foundations in permafrost
  • Pavement impact on permafrost
  • Thermal insulation and permafrost
  • Seasonal frost and its impact on structures
  • Heat transfer, thermal modeling, and thermal design
  • Mass transfer
  • Properties of frozen and thawing ground
  • Active layer
  • Frost heave
  • Thermokarst
  • Shore erosion
  • Slope processes
  • Heat balance at the soil surface
  • Thermal regime of soil surface, n-factor
  • Stratification of permafrost sequence and its engineering significance

Publications

More than 100 publications on frozen ground engineering, permafrost, and permafrost related geological hazards including several books)

Publications of 2001-2002

  • Fox permafrost tunnel (new study and interpretation of permafrost development), with M. Bray, M. Taylor, Q. Ling, and D. Anderson. Abstract. 53rd Arctic Science Conference. University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2002, p.204
  • Shore erosion in Russian Arctic (with A. Vasiliev, S. Pokrovsky, A. Maksimov, S. Pokrovsky, and V. Zaikanov), 2002. Cold Region Impacts on Transportation and Infrastructure. ASCE. Pp. 736-747
  • Coastal Dynamics of west Yamal Peninsula (with A. Vasiliev and S. Pokrovsky) 2001. Cryosphere, Journal of Russian Academy of Sciences v.5, ?1, pp.44-52. (In Russian)
  • Lack of edoma as evidence of Late Pleistocene Glaciation on the Arctic Coastal Plain with V.Romanovsky and B. Dugan. 2001. 52 Arctic Science Conference. University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2001.

Publications of previous years

In English:

  • Observation of thermokarst and its impact on boreal forest in Alaska (with T.E. Osterkamp, L. Viereck, M.T. Jorgenson, C. Racine, and A. Doyle), Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2000, p.303-315.
  • Permafrost prethawing in farming, mining, and civil engineering (with B. Nidowicz and T.E. Osterkamp) Cold Region Engineering, Putting Research into Practice. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cold Engineering, 1999, p. 243-254.
  • An integrated terrain unit approach to analyzing landscape change on the Colville Delta, northern Alaska (with M.T. Jorgenson). Presented to International Workshop on Arctic Coastal Dynamics, Woods Hole, MA, 1999. An Abstract published in Proceedings.
  • Thermokarst and erosion as factors of oriented lakes enlargement (with M.T. Jorgenson). Presented to International Workshop on Arctic Coastal Dynamics, Woods Hole, MA, 1999.
  • Pavement thermal impact on discontinuous permafrost (with B. Nidowicz). Cold Region Impact on Civil Works. Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Cold Engineering, 1998, pp.34-45.
  • Russian and North American approaches to pile design in relation to frost actions (with B. Nidowicz). Permafrost, Proceedings of 7th International Conference, Yellowknife, Canada, 1998, p.803-809.
  • Evolution of permafrost dominated landscape on the Colville River Delta, Northern Alaska (with M.T. Jorgenson and H.J. Walker) Permafrost, Proceedings of 7th International Conference, Yellowknife, Canada, 1998, p.523-529.
  • Cryostructure development on the floodplain of Colville River Delta, Northern Alaska (with M.T. Jorgenson). Permafrost, Proceedings of 7th International Conference, Yellowknife, Canada,1998, p.993-999.
  • Design frost penetration map of Alaska. Iscord ’97. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Cold Region Development, Anchorage Alaska, May 1997
  • Temporal changes in moisture content of the active layer and near-surface permafrost at Barrow, Alaska, U.S.A: 1962-1994 (with K. Hinkel, F. Nelson, J. Brown, and K. Everett), Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, Vol 28, No. 3, 1996, p. 300-310.
  • Monitoring of permafrost conditions of the west part of the Yamal Peninsula (with A. Pavlov and A. Vasiliev). Proceedings. Of the 25th Arctic Workshop, University Laval, Quebec, Canada, March 1995, p. 144-147
  • Bottom-up freezing of the active layer: local to global implication (with J. Brown and F. Nelson). Proceedings of the 25th Arctic Workshop, Laval University, Quebec, Canada, March 1995, p.177-178.
  • Active layer fluctuations: a multi-decade record, Barrow, Alaska. (with J Brown, and F. Nelson) EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 75(44):86
  • Meridional transect of the active layer in Alaska (with G. Michaelson and N. Moskalenko). Presented to 45th Arctic Science conference. Anchorage, Alaska - Vladivostok, Russia, August, 1994. An Abstract published in Proceedings.
  • Development of ice-core terminal moraines (with G. Michaelson and C.L Ping). Presented to 45th Arctic Science Conference. Anchorage, Alaska - Vladivostok, Russia, August, 1994. An Abstract published in Proceedings.
  • N-factor maps of Russian permafrost region (with V. Slavin-Borovskiy). Permafrost, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, Beijing China, July, 1993, p. 564-568.
  • Permafrost dynamics and soil formation (with C.L. Ping). Proceedings of the Meeting on the Classification, Correlation, and Management of Permafrost-Affected Soils. Alaska, USA Yukon and Northwest Territories Canada, July, 1993, p.112-117.
  • Cryogenic structure of thaw lake sediments near Barrow, Alaska (with K. Peterson and D. Funk). Presented to 44th Arctic Science Conference. Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada, September, 1993. An Abstract published in Proceedings.
  • The natural analog method and prediction of Global Warming impact on the Arctic ecosystems (with C.L. Ping and R.A. Kreig). Presented to 44th Arctic Science Conference. Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada, September, 1993. An Abstract published in Proceedings.
  • The upper horizon of permafrost soil. Permafrost, Proceedings of 5th International Conference. Trondheim, Norway, 1988, p.867-871.
  • Effect of development on heat balance and the thermal and moisture regime of the ground in northern part of West Siberia (with S. Malevskiy, N. Moskalenko, V. Slavin-Borovskiy). Permafrost, Proceedings of 3rd International Conference. Edmonton Canada, 1978, pp. 53-64.
  • English translations of the Soviet papers. Part 1, Ottawa, Canada, National Research Council, 1980, pp. 29-44.
  • Thermal interaction of permafrost and underground structures (with A. Zil’berbord). Permafrost 2nd International Conference. USSR Contributions, Edited by F.J. Sanger and P.J. Hyde, Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1978, p. 655-657.

In Russian: Following list of publications in Russian is primarily based on the Cold Region Bibliography of the Library of Congress and is not complete.

  • Engineering geological and hydrogeological investigations of upper horizons of permafrost in areas of oil and natural gas fields (with E. Mel’nikov, S. Grechishchev, A. Pavlov, et. al), Moscow, Nedra Publishing House, 1992, 285 p., (Manual).
  • Upper horizon of permafrost (P. Melnikov and Y. Shur, editors), Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1991, 100 p. (Collection of scientific papers).
  • Considering composition and structure of frozen ground in prediction of permafrost related geological hazards (with S. Grechishchev, L. Chistotinov, and A. Pavlov), Moscow, Ministry of Geology of USSR, 1990, 79 p. (Manual).
  • Method of evaluation of thaw depth beneath underground structures: In: Russian Building Code for Permafrost Region (Foundation and Bases of Structures in Permafrost), 1990, p. 45-50.
  • Subject of permafrost investigations for engineering purposes. In: Merl’nikov E. (editor), Methods of permafrost investigations. Moscow, Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 1990, p. 12-19.
  • Study and prediction of geological hazards (Engineering geological processes) (S. Grechishchev, A.Sheko, V. Krupoderov, and Y. Shur, editors), Moscow, Nedra Publishing House, 1989, 253 p., (Manual).
  • The upper horizon of permafrost and thermokarst, Novosibirsk, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1988, 210 p. (Monograph)
  • Experience and problems of studying permafrost related geological hazards at monitoring sites (with L. Chistotinov and V. Cherniadiev). In: V. Baulin (edit): Prediction of permafrost change in areas of new development. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1987, pp33-47
  • Origin of Edoma (ice-rich Pleistocene silt) (with T. Zhestkova and P. Shvetsov). Merzlotnie issledovania (Permafrost Studies), 1986, Vol. 24, pp. 108-113.
  • Methods of engineering geological investigations in permafrost region (with E. Melnikov, G. Dubikov et al), Moscow, Nedra Publishing House, 1985, 174 p., (Manual).
  • Fundamentals of the modeling permafrost related geological hazards (Cryogenic physical?geological processes) (with S. Grechischev and L. Chistotinov), Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 230 p, 1984, (Monograph)
  • Stratification in upper permafrost and its engineering significance (with V. Maksimov and P. Shvetsov). Engineering Geology, 1984, No. 2, pp.16-25
  • Methods of studying the rate of thermal erosion (with A. Vasiliev and V. Zaikanov). In: Are, F. (edit) Shore processes in the permafrost region. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1984, pp. 5-12.
  • New observations of shore erosion in the permafrost region (with A. Vasiliev and V. Zaikanov). In: Are, F. (edit) Shore processes in the permafrost region. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1984, pp. 12-19.
  • Prediction of change in permafrost conditions for the natural gas region of West Siberia (with S. Grechischev, N. Moskalenko, et al), Novosibirsk, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 180 p., 1983, (Monograph)
  • Effect of changes in the soil-ground complex on temperature regime of permafrost (with P. Shvetsov, V. Slavin_Borovsky, and N. Moskalenko). In: Melnikov, P. (editor), Problems of Geocryology (Permafrost Study), Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1983, pp. 136-143.
  • Infiltration-segregation mechanism of sheet ice formation (with T. Zhestkova). In Popov, A. -(editor), Sheet massive ice in permafrost. Yakutsk, Permafrost Institute of Academy of Sciences of USSR, 1982, p. 157-164.
  • Thermo-physical studies of upper permafrost at the monitoring sites (with A. Pavlov). In: Pavlov, A. (editor), Thermal conditions of soils in Cold Regions. Yakutsk, Permafrost Institute of Academy of Sciences USSR, 1982, p. 5-14.
  • Mass transfer in freezing soil (with T. Zhestkova). In. Zhestkova T.: Formation of soil cryogenic structure. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1982, p.110 -115.
  • Cryogenic structure of syngenetic permafrost (with T. Zhestkova). In: Zhestkova, T.: Formation of soil cryogenic structure. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, Moscow, 1982, p. 148-168.
  • Influence of cryogenic structure on electrical resistivity of frozen ground (with T. Zhestkova). Merzlotnie issledovania (Permafrost Studies), 1982, Vol. 20, pp. 157-164.
  • Prediction of advance of geological hazards in developing areas of Arctic (with S. Grechishchev, L. Chistotinov, and Y. Sheshin). Moscow, Ministry of Geology of USSR, 1981, 78 p. (Manual)
  • Permafrost related geological hazards (Cryogenic physical?geological processes) and their prediction (with S. Grechischev and L. Chistotinov), Moscow, Nedra Publishing House, 1980, 384 p, (Monograph)
  • Typical natural environment disturbances in northern West Siberia due to pipeline construction and forecast of their development (with N. Moskalenko). In: Grave, N. (editor), Environmental protection in developing areas of the permafrost region. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1980, pp. 71-78.
  • Permafrost investigations (Y. Shur, editor). Moscow, Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, 1980, 138 p. (Collection of scientific papers).
    Freezing of ground under open system conditions (with T. Zhestkova). Merzlotnie issledovania (Permafrost Studies), 1980, Vol. 19, pp. 164-177.
  • Experimental studies of ice distribution in soil frozen in nonlinear conditions (with T. Zhestkova). Merzlotnie issledovania (Permafrost Studies), 1979, Vol. 18, pp. 159-167.
  • Monitoring permafrost related geological hazards (with S. Grecishchev, L. Nevecheria, Y. Sheshin, and V. Nevecheria). Moscow, Ministry of Geology of USSR, 1979, 72 p. (Mannual)
  • Ecologic conditions of natural and disturbed land in the permafrost region of West Siberia (with N. Moskalenko). In: Mel’nikov, P. (edit), General Geocryology (Permafrost Study). Papers prepared to the 3rd International Conference on Permafrost, Novosibirsk, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1978, p. 197-204.
  • Systems approach to the study of thermokarst. In: Mel’nikov, P. (edit), General Geocryology (Permafrost Studies). Papers prepared to the 3rd International Conference on Permafrost, Novosibirsk, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1978, p. 131-141.
  • Origin of sheet massive ice in permafrost (with T. Zhestkova). Geology (Magazine published by Moscow State University), 1978, No. 3, pp33-42.
  • Processes of natural heat transfer under permafrost conditions (Malevskiy, S and Y. Shur editors). Transactions, Main Geophysical Observatory, Vol. 402, Leningrad, 1978, 128 p.
  • Detailed study of terrain units in northwestern Siberia (with N. Moskalenko and V. Slavin-Borovsky). In: Malevskiy, S and Y. Shur (editors). Transactions, Main Geophysical Observatory, Vol. 402, Leningrad, 1978, 128 p. 94-105.
  • Influences of vegetation removal on changes in heat balance components of soil surface. (with N. Lasareva and S. Malevsky). In: Malevskiy, S and Y. Shur (editors). Transactions, Main Geophysical Observatory, Vol. 402, Leningrad, 1978, 128 p. 86-93.
  • Permafrost related geological hazards (Cryogenic processes). (S. Grechishchev, L Chistotinov, and Y. Shur editors). Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1978, 240 p. (Collection of scientific papers).
  • Shore erosion in the permafrost region (with N. Petrukhin and V. Slavin_Borovsky). In: Permafrost related geological hazards (Cryogenic processes). Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1978, p. 55-72.

In English:

  • Shore erosion in the cryolithosphere. U.S. Army Cold Region Research And Engineering Laboratory Translation, 1980, 21p., No. 720.
  • Method of evaluation of thaw depth beneath underground structure. In: Russian Building Code for Permafrost Region (Foundation and Bases of Structures in Permafrost), 1977, p. 33-37.
  • Thermokarst. Moscow, Nedra Publishing House, 90 p, 1977, (Monograph)
  • Summer soil surface temperature in areas without vegetation (with V. Slavin-Borovsky). In: Zil’berbord, A. and G. Gravis (editors), Regional permafrost studies. Moscow, 1977, p.4-15.
  • On evaluation of an active layer depth (with V. Slavin-Borovsky). In: Zil’berbord, A. and G. Gravis (editors), Regional permafrost studies. Moscow, 1977, p. 16-24.
  • Peculiarities of reservoir shore modification in permafrost region. In: Shirokov, M. (editor). Studying the shores of Siberian reservoirs. Moscow, Nauka (Science) Publishing House, 1977, p. 117-121.
  • Methods of prediction of permafrost related geological hazards and change in permafrost conditions during pipeline construction in northern West Siberia (with S. Grechishchev et al). Moscow, Ministry of Geology USSR, 1976, 46 p.
  • Forecasting landscape evolution in developing areas of the permafrost region (with N. Moskalenko). Transactions of Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 98, Moscow, 1975, p. 34-45.
  • Temperature regime of the active layer in the northwest Siberian lowlands (with N. Moskalenko). Transactions of Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 97,Moscow, 1975, p. 76-96.
  • Moisture content of unfrozen soil at the freezing front (with T. Zhestkova). Geology (Magazine published by Moscow State University), 1974, No.4, p. 51-55.
  • Thermal design of utilities in permafrost (with G. Porkhaev, Y. Aleksandrov, and L. Semenov), Moscow, Strpoyizdat, 1974, 73 p. (Manual).
  • Causes of thermokarst origin. Transactions, Institute of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology, Vol. 70, Moscow, 1974, p. 31-47.
  • Uniform thawing beneath buildings. In: Thermal problems of buildings on permafrost, Moscow, Academy of Sciences of USSR, 1973, p. 29-37.
  • Method of evaluation of thaw depth beneath underground structures. In: S. Grechishchev (editor), Thermal and mechanical interaction of permafrost and structures. Moscow, 1973, p.
  • 64-51. English translation in Thermal and mechanical interaction of frozen rock with engineering installations. U.S. Army Cold Region Research And Engineering Laboratory, Translation 449, 1974.
  • Thawing of permafrost beneath an elliptical thermal stamp. In: S. Grechishchev (editor), Thermal and mechanical interaction of frozen grounds and structures. Moscow, 1973, p. 64-51.
  • English translation in Thermal and mechanical interaction of frozen rock with engineering installations. U.S. Army Cold Region Research And Engineering Laboratory, Translation 449, 1974.
  • Pipeline construction modes in the southern part of the permafrost region (with G. Porkhaev, Y. Aleksandrov, and L. Semenov). Institute of Foundations and Underground Structures. Syktivkar, Komi Publishing House, 1971, 62 p. (Manual).
  • Seasonal soil freezing next to a building (with G. Fel’dman). In: S. Tsvetkova S. (editor), Problems of Engineering Geology, Moscow, 1969, p.127-133.
  • Permafrost thawing under structures. In: S. Tsvetkova S. (editor), Problems of Engineering Geology, Moscow, 1969, p.134-145.
  • Shore erosion in Russian Arctic (with A. Vasiliev, S. Pokrovsky, A. Maksimov, S. Pokrovsky, and V. Zaikanov), 2002. Cold Region Impacts on Transportation and Infrastructure. ASCE. Pp. 736-747
  • Coastal Dynamics of west Yamal Peninsula (with A. Vasiliev and S. Pokrovsky) 2001. Cryosphere, Journal of Russian Academy of Sciences v.5, ?1, pp.44-52. (In Russian)
  • Lack of edoma as evidence of Late Pleistocene Glaciation on the Arctic Coastal Plain with V.Romanovsky and B. Dugan. 2001. 52 Arctic Science Conference. University of Alaska Fairbanks, 2001.